Discolored teeth are a result of changes which take place on the surface of your teeth or inside your teeth. There are mainly three types of tooth discoloration: Extrinsic, Intrinsic and Age-related.

Read on to know more about discolored teeth and how to deal with them!

Causes

Extrinsic discoloration are the stains on the outer layer of the teeth. Unhealthy foods like coffee, wine or cola may lead to staining. Also, habits like smoking and alcohol consumption also cause external stains and damage.

 

Intrinsic discoloration are the changes in the tooth structure which leads to teeth discoloration. You can get this type of discoloration in the following cases:

  • Extensive exposure to fluoride during early childhood
  • You used tetracycline antibiotics during early childhood
  • You suffered trauma which affected a tooth in childhood

 

Age-related discoloration is a combination of extrinsic and intrinsic factors. Dentin naturally yellows over time. Harmful foods and smoking also can stain the teeth with aging.

Finally, chips or other injuries can discolor a tooth, especially when the pulp has been damaged.

 

How can you prevent teeth discoloration?

Brushing your teeth after each meal will go a long way towards preventing discolored teeth. Dentists recommend that you should floss your mouth with water after consuming wine, coffee or other drinks or foods that can stain your teeth. Regular cleanings by a professional dental hygienist also will help you to remove external stains.

Intrinsic stains are caused by damage to a nerve or blood vessel, so if you wish to clean that, then you might have to take a root canal treatment to remove the inner part of the tooth before the tooth starts to decay and darken. To prevent intrinsic stains in children, avoid too much early exposure to fluorides.

 

Treatment

Tooth discoloration can be removed by applying a bleaching agent on the tooth enamel. One technique for this is called “power bleaching.” In this method,  the dentist applies a light-activated bleaching gel. It causes the teeth to get significantly whiter in 30 to 45 minutes. However, a number of follow up meetings with the dentists may be required for further consultation.

It is also possible to remove discoloration at home. You can use a bleaching gel and a mouth guard as per your dentist consultation. The bleaching gels designed for use at home are not as strong as those applied by your professionals, and so you need to dedicate some extra time for this process. Moreover, whitening toothpastes may be helpful in removing the minor stains from your teeth. However, they do not actually change the overall color of your teeth.

While applying bleaching products, remember that it cannot lighten some stains, like tetracycline stains. In this case, your dentist may even recommend covering your discolored areas.

 

If you are looking for teeth whitening treatment in Muskogee, be sure to check out Stephen General Dentistry. Our team will take care of all that you need to get rid of your dental problems. Just schedule your appointment to get started!